I've written the following C++ code to factorize really large numbers efficiently (numbers up to 24997300729). I have a vector containing 41000 primes approx.( I know having such a large vector isn't a good idea although but couldn't figure a way around this). This code produces the prime factorization of moderately large numbers in no time but when it comes to numbers such as, 24997300572 the program *stalls*.

Here's the program below with some screenshots of the output:

```
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <algorithm>
#include <iterator>
#include <cmath>
using namespace std;
vector<int> primes = {paste from
https://drive.google.com/file/d/1nGvtMMQSa9YIDkMW2jgEbJk67P7p54ft/view?usp=sharing
};
void factorize(int n) {
if (n == 1)
return;
if (find(primes.begin(), primes.end(), n) != primes.end()) {
cout << n <<" "; //if n is prime dont'proceed further
return;
}
//obtaining an iterator to the location of prime equal to or just greater than sqrt(n)
auto s = sqrt(n);
vector<int>::iterator it = lower_bound(primes.begin(), primes.end(), s);
if (it == primes.end()) {
return; // if no primes found then the factors are beyond range
}
for (auto i = it;i != primes.begin();i--) {
if (n % *i == 0)
{
cout << *i << " ";
n = n / (*i);
factorize(n);
return; // the two consecutive for() loops should never run one after another
}
}
for (auto i = it;i != primes.end();i++) {
if (n % *i == 0)
{
cout << *i << " ";
n = n / (*i);
factorize(n);
return; // the two consecutive for() loops should never run one after another
}
}
}
int main() {
unsigned int n;
cout << "Enter a number between 1 and 24997300729 ";
cin >> n;
if (n > 24997300729) {
cout << "Number out of range;";
exit(-1);
}
factorize(n);
return 0;
}
```

This is OK

But This is NOT!!!

I tried using `long long int`

and `long double`

wherever I could to over come the problem of large numbers, but that didn't help much.

**Any help Would Be Greatly Appreciated**

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